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Brief Introduction

Tokha is an ancient city of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Its history goes back to more than 1500 years when Nepal was ruled by Lichchavi dynasty. The name Tokha (or Tukhya) comes from two Newari words, “Tu” meaning sugarcane (referring to the production of chaku –a quintessential in Newari sweets such as yomari –made from raw sugarcane juice), and “khya” meaning field. The village of Tokha once had abundance of sugarcane, and with most of the raw materials for this delicacy available it became renowned for its chaku, as well. This municipality is formed in Mangsir 21, 2071 B.S. by merging five existing VDCs viz. Dhapasi, Jhor Mahankal, Gongabu, Tokha Chandeshwori and Tokha Saraswoti with geographical area, 16.19 sq.km., total household, 32,500 and total population, 149,000. The literacy rate of the municipality is about 90%. It is surrounded by Budhanilkantha Municipality in east, Tarakeshwor Municipality in west, Nuwakot district in North and Kathmandu Metropolitan City in south. Furthermore, this municipality is situated at the base of Shivapuri National wild life reserve conservation area. Most of the population constitute of Newar ethnic community which has unique cultural entity and historical background. However, the municipality is rich in cultural and ethnic diversity. The main sources of livelihood of Tokha communities are agriculture and livestock, and other small scale trade and businesses. There are lots of tourism places such as Baudeshwor Mahadev and waterfalls at Jhor Mahankal, Sapantirtha and Chandeshwori Temple at Tokha Chandeshwori, Bhutkhel ground at Tokha Saraswoti, Basundhara Devi (goddess) at Dhapasi and Manohar tirtha, Mahendrashwor Mahadev and Bich Binayak at Gongabu that have religious programmes like local jatras and national festivals time and again. We are also rich in water resources: rivers include Bishnumati river, Sangle khola and Sapantirtha and ponds include Sarswoti, Gahana pokhari, Ganesh pokhari, Sapantirtha Snan Kunda. There are 8 community schools and 73 institutional schools that are spreading literacy programme; 1 primary health care center and 4 health posts for health care and 63 cooperatives for improving livelihood.